Lombardy is one of the administrative areas of Italy. Lombardy is one of the twenty areas. There are about 10 million people there, which is more than one-sixth of the people in Italy. It's in the north-central part of the country and has an area of 23,844 km2 (9,206 sq mi). Over a fifth of Italy's gross domestic product comes from this area.
The metro area of Milan is the largest in Italy, and it is also one of the largest in the EU. Italy has 58 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and ten of them are in Lombardy, which is in the north of the country. Some of the people who came from the area now known as Lombardy are Virgil, Claudio Monteverdi, Antonio Stradivari, Alessandro Volta, and Popes John XXIII and Paul VI.
The word Lombardy comes from the Latin word "Lombard," which comes from the Proto-Germanic words "langaz" and "bardaz," which mean "long beard." Some people think the second part of the word comes from Proto-Germanic *bardo, *barduz (axe), which is related to German Barte ("axe"), or that the whole word comes from the Proto-Albanian *Lum bardhi "white river" (Compare modern Albanian lum I bardhe).
Lombardy was a term used in the early Middle Ages for the Kingdom of the Lombards, which was ruled by the Germanic Lombards who had ruled most of Italy since their invasion of Byzantine Italy in 568. As a result, "Lombardy" and "Italy" are almost the same thing. By the middle of the 8th century, the Lombards had almost all of Italy except for the Papal possessions around Rome, Venice, and some Byzantine possessions in the south (southern Apulia and Calabria; some coastal settlements including Amalfi, Gaeta, Naples and Sorrento; Sicily and Sardinia). The term was also used until around 965 in the form o (Longobardia) as the name for the land that the Byzantines had reclaimed from the Lombard rump Duchy of Benevento.