A department in Guatemala is one of the 22 that make up the country as a whole. In Guatemala City, which also serves as the national capital, there is a lot of government work. There are cities and suburbs in the department, like Guatemala City and a few of them.
There were 3,015,081 people living in the department at the 2018 census. The department has a surface area of 2,126 square kilometres.
Central American country: Guatemala, or the Republic of Guatemala, is a country in Central America. It is bordered by Mexico and the Caribbean Sea to the north and west; Belize and the Caribbean Sea to the northeast; Honduras and the East; El Salvador and the South; and the Pacific Ocean to the south. At around 17.2 million, it is the most populous country in Central America, and it is the 11th most populous country in the United States. In Guatemala, the capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asuncion, which is also known as Guatemala City. It is the largest city in Central America.
The Maya civilization, which spread across Mesoamerica, had its heart in the area that is now Guatemala. People from Spain took most of this area in the 16th century and made it part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala became a free country in 1821, after being ruled by Spain and Mexico. In 1823, Guatemala became a part of the Federal Republic of Central America. By 1841, the Central American country was no more.
From the middle to the end of the 19th century, Guatemala was plagued by instability and civil war. It was ruled by a series of dictators who were helped by the United Fruit Company and the United States government. In 1944, a pro-democracy military coup led to the overthrow of authoritarian leader Jorge Ubico. This started a decade-long revolution that led to major social and economic changes. An American-backed military coup ended the revolution and put in place a dictatorship in 1954, ending the revolution and putting in place a new one,
As the US-backed government and leftist rebels waged a bloody civil war in Guatemala from 1960 to 1996, genocidal killings of the Maya people were carried out by the military. Since a United Nations-negotiated peace deal, Guatemala has seen both economic growth and democratic elections, but it still has high rates of poverty and crime, drug cartels, and instability. Guatemala is in 31st place out of 33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean in terms of the Human Development Index as of 2014.
Guatemala has a lot of important and unique ecosystems that are both biologically important and unique. This helps make Mesoamerica a biodiversity hotspot.
The name "Guatemala" comes from the Nahuatl word Cuauhtmalln (nahwiki), which means "place of many trees." This word comes from the K'iche' Mayan word for "many trees." When Pedro de Alvarado led the Spanish to this land, the Tlaxcaltecan warriors who were with him called it that.