Rhineland-Palatinate is a state in the western part of the country. It is 19,846 km2 (7,663 sq mi) and has about 4.05 million people living there. It is the ninth-largest and sixth-most-populous state out of the 16 that are in the United States. City: Mainz is the capital and the largest. Cities like Koblenz and Trier are also nearby. Kaiserslautern and Worms are also nearby. There are four states that border it: North Rhine-Westphalia is next to Saarland, which is next to Baden-Wurttemberg, which is next to Hesse, and France, which is next to Luxembourg, which is next to Belgian land.
It was made up of parts of the former states of Prussia, Hesse, and Bavaria, which were taken over by the French military administration in Allied-occupied Germany in 1946. The new state was called Rhineland-Palatinate. It became part of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949, and it shared its only border with the Saar Protectorate until it was returned to Germany in 1957. Rhineland-natural Palatinate's and cultural heritage includes a large winegrowing area, beautiful landscapes, and a lot of castles and palaces.