Hessen Germany Postal Code


About Hessen

Hesse is a state in Germany. It is called the State of Hessen, or Land Hessen. This country has a capital city called Wiesbaden, and the largest city is called Frankfurt. People live in 21,000 square kilometres and there are just over six million people in the state. It is the seventh-largest in Germany. Frankfurt Rhine-Main, Germany's second-largest metro area after Rhine-Ruhr, is mostly in the state of Hesse.

As a cultural area, Hesse also includes the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, which has a part called Rhenish Hesse.

"Hessen," like the names of other German regions (Schwaben "Swabia"), comes from the dative plural form of the name of the people living there or their eponymous tribe, the "Hesses" (Hessen, singular Hesse). The name of the country is a short version of the older compound name Hessenland ("land of the Hessians"). In Old High German, the name is written as Hessun (the dative plural of Hessi). In Middle Latin, it is written as Hassia, Hessia, and Hassonia. The name of the Hessians comes from the tribe's name, the Chatti. By the 7th century, the name Chatti was written down as Chassi, and from the 8th century, it was written down as Hassi or Hessi.

A person who lives in Hesse is called a "Hessian" (German: Hesse (male) or Hessin (female), plural Hessen). Frederick II of Hesse-Kassel, who was Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel at the time, hired regular army units to help the government of Great Britain fight in the American Revolutionary War.

The English word "Hesse" began to be used in the 18th century, first in the hyphenated names of the states of Hesse-Cassel and Hesse-Darmstadt. The Latin word "Hessia" was still used in English well into the 19th century.

The European Commission always uses the German word "Hessen," even in English-language situations. This is because the European Commission doesn't want to translate regional names.

There was a proposal to name the element hassium after the state of Hesse in 1992, but it didn't happen until 1997.

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