People in Cuba live in Havana, which is both the capital and the largest city. Havana is the capital of the province of La Habana. It is the country's main port and the country's top commercial centre. At 781.58 km2 (301.77 sq miles), it is the largest city by area in the Caribbean region. It has a population of 2.1 million people, making it the most populous city and fourth largest metro area in the region.
Spanish people started the city of Havana in the 16th century. It was used as a starting point for the Spanish conquest of the Americas and as a stop for Spanish galleons when they came back from the world's trade routes to Spain. Philip II of Spain gave Havana the title of capital in 1592. He did this because he thought it was important. Walls and forts were built to keep the city safe.
During the Spanish?American War, the U.S. battleship Maine was sunk in Havana Harbor in 1898, which led to the war. There are many ministries, business headquarters, and more than 100 diplomatic offices in the city, which is where the Cuban government is. Reinaldo Garca Zapata is the governor of Cuba. He is a member of the Communist Party (PCC). There were a lot of people living in this city/province when it made the third most money in 2009.
Old Havana, Vedado, and the newer suburbs can be thought of as three cities in one: Havana today. The city is mostly west and south of the bay, which is entered through a small inlet and splits into three main harbours: Marimelena, Guanabacoa, and Antares. The Almendares River runs through the city from the south to the north. It meets the Straits of Florida a few miles west of the bay.
Over a million people visit Havana every year. The Official Census for Havana says that 1,176,627 international tourists came to the city in 2010, a 20% increase from 2005. Old Havana was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982, and it's still there. Also, the city is known for its history, culture, architecture, and monuments, as well as its architecture. As in Cuba, Havana has a tropical climate.
He built San Cristobal de la Habana, which means "Saint Cristopher of the Habana," in 1514. Later, it was turned into Cuba's capital city. Habana was the name of the group of people who lived there. It's not clear where the name came from, but it's thought that the name comes from Habaguanex, the chief of the Native American tribe. It's not known what else he says or does. His name is Tano, which is an Arawakan language, but not much else is known. This is called "betacism," and it happens in many Spanish dialects. It's when people mix up the voiced labiodental fricative and voiced bilabial plosive sounds because they sound similar. When Habana was translated into English, the b was changed to a v because of this problem. Literature used to be full of Havana words, but now they're used a lot because it stands for a type of cigar, an orange colour, and even the city itself.