Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia. It is also one of the world's oldest cities that has been inhabited for a long time. There is a river called the Hrazdan that runs through the city of Yerevan. It's the country's administrative, cultural, and industrial centre. For the last 100 years, it has been the capital of Armenia. It is the 14th capital in the history of Armenia and the 7th in or near the Ararat Plain. Araratian Pontifical Diocese: This is the largest Armenian Apostolic Church diocese in the world and one of the oldest in the world. It is also the seat of the Araratian Pontifical Diocese.
It was built in 782 BC by King Argishti I at the western end of the Ararat plain. The history of Yerevan goes back to that time. As a "great administrative and religious centre, a fully royal capital," Erebuni was built. By the end of the ancient Armenian Kingdom, new capital cities were built, and Yerevan lost its significance. In 1736, it was the capital of the Erivan Khanate. In 1828, it was the capital of the Erivan Governorate. First Armenian Republic: After World War I, Yerevan was chosen as the capital of the First Armenian Republic because so many people who had been killed in the Ottoman Empire came to live there. During the 20th century, Armenia became part of the Soviet Union. This caused the city to grow quickly. In a few decades, Yerevan went from being a small town in the Russian Empire to being the cultural, artistic, and industrial centre of Armenia, as well as the capital of the country.
With the growth of the Armenian economy, Yerevan has changed a lot. Since the early 2000s, a lot of construction has been going on in the city, and businesses like restaurants, shops, and street cafes, which were rare in Soviet times, have sprung up. At the end of 2011, the population of the city of Yerevan was 1,060,138, which was just over a third of the population of Armenia. This figure is based on official estimates from 2016. The current population of the city is 1,073,700 people. It was named the World Book Capital of 2012. Yerevan is a member of Eurocities, which is a group of cities from around the world.
Erebuni Fortress is thought to be the birthplace of Yerevan. The Katoghike Tsiranavor church is the oldest surviving church in Yerevan, and Saint Gregory Cathedral is the largest Armenian cathedral in the world. Tsitsernakaberd is the official memorial to the victims of the Armenian Genocide, and there are many opera houses, theatres, museums, libraries, and other cultural institutions in the city. The Yerevan Opera Theatre is the main theatre in Armenia's capital city. The National Gallery of Armenia is the largest art museum in Armenia and shares a building with the History Museum of Armenia. The Matenadaran repository is one of the world's largest collections of ancient books and manuscripts.
An Armenian king named Yervand IV is one theory about how Yerevan came to be called that. He was the last ruler of a group called the Orontid Dynasty, and he built the city of Yervandashat there. However, it is possible that the city's name comes from the Urartian military fortress of Erebuni, which was built in 782 BC by Argishti I. Erebuni became Erevani, and Erevani became Erevan. This is because Urartian words mixed with Armenian words to form the name. In a study of two cuneiform tablets at Erebuni, Margarit Israelyan found that the inscriptions had changed.
A very important part of our interpretation came from how the second bu of the word was written. The Urartaean b has been changed to an Armenian v. The Armenianologist-orientalist Prof. G. A. Ghapantsian was right to point out that the Urartu b changed to v at the beginning of the word or between two vowels in the inscription. People say that b was put between two vowels so that people could read the words Erebuny is thought to be the correct pronunciation of the fortress-city.
Early Armenian Christian chroniclers said that the name Yerevan came from a word Noah used in the Armenian language. As Noah looked in the direction of Yerevan after the ark landed on Mount Ararat and the flood waters had dried up, he is said to have said, "Yerevats!"
At some point in the late Middle Ages and early Modern Ages, when Yerevan was under Turkic and then Persian rule, the city was called Iravan in Persian. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, Erivan was the official name of the city. As of 1936, the city's name had changed back to Yerevan. Erevan was the name of the city in English sources until the mid-1970s. Yerevan was the name of the city in English sources until then.